Sanhedrin


Sanhedrin
From a Greek word meaning a council of leaders. In NT Palestine there were various local councils of seventy-one (or twenty-three) members (Mark 13:9; perhaps 15:43). But in the gospels the reference is usually to the supreme court in Jerusalem. Its members were chief priests and elders who assembled with the goodwill of the Roman authority, which found it convenient to use the local élite for various matters of administration. They conducted the preliminary trial of Jesus (Matt. 26:59). It is uncertain whether these leaders included Pharisees as well as the aristocratic Sadducees; probably they were present, and part of the strategy of the high priest at the trial was to unite the parties in a unanimous condemnation of Jesus. At the trial of Paul (Acts 23) both Pharisees and Sadducees were involved.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Sanhedrin — • The supreme council and court of justice among the Jews Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sanhedrin     Sanhedrin     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SANHÉDRIN — SANHÉDRI Terme venant du grec sunedrion (conseil, tribunal, école) et adopté par les Juifs à l’époque du second Temple pour désigner l’institution suprême, politique, religieuse et judiciaire du peuple d’Israël, à savoir une assemblée de soixante …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sanhedrin — Sanhédrin  Pour le traité talmudique Sanhédrin, voir Sanhédrin (traité). Le Sanhédrin est l assemblée législative traditionnelle du peuple juif ainsi que son tribunal suprême qui siège normalement à Jérusalem. Son nom n est pas d origine… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sanhedrin — SANHEDRÍN s.n. Tribunal suprem la vechii iudei; fig. grup de oameni care formează un cerc închis, având pretenţia de a da, într un anumit domeniu, sentinţe infailibile. – Din fr. sanhédrin. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • SANHEDRIN — (Heb. סַנְהֶדְרִין), fourth tractate in the Mishnah order of Nezikin. The sequence of the tractates within an order being as a rule determined by the size of the tractates, it should be remembered that the three Bavot originally constituted one… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sanhedrin — [san′ədrim΄san hē′drin, sanhe′drin; san′ə drin΄] n. [TalmudHeb sanhedrin (gedola), (great) council < Gr synedrion, assembly < syn , together + hedra, seat: see SIT] the highest court and council of the ancient Jewish nation, having… …   English World dictionary

  • Sanhedrin — San he*drin, Sanhedrim San he*drim, n. [Heb. sanhedr[=i]n, fr. Gr. ?; ? with + ? a seat, fr. ? to sit. See {Sit}.] (Jewish Antiq.) the great council of the Jews, which consisted of seventy members, to whom the high priest was added. It had… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sanhedrin — (gr. Synedrium, Hoher Rath), das Obergericht in Jerusalem, welches die höchste Gewalt in allen Staats u. Religionsangelegenheiten hatte. Den Ursprung dieses Gerichts setzen Ein. nach 2. Mos. 18. in die älteste Zeit; And. finden 5. Mos. 17, 8 die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sanhĕdrin — Sanhĕdrin, s. Synedrion …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sanhedrin — Sanhedrin, s.v.w. Synedrium …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sanhedrin — Sanhedrin, s. Synedrium …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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